Jesus Christ: Who is He? Part 3

Jesus Christ: Who is He?

(Part 3)

Richard Hollerman

 

Names, Positions, Offices, and Actions of God the Father and Jesus Christ the Son


Scripture gives a number of significant names or terms to God the Father (or Yahweh God) and sometimes those same terms are applied to the Lord Jesus Christ the Son.  The following is a partial listing:

Term

God the Father

Lord Jesus Christ

Savior

1 Tim. 1:1; 2:3

Titus 1:4; 3:6

God

1 Tim. 2:5

John 20:28

Lord

Acts 17:24

Romans 10:9

Deliverer

Psalm 18:2

Romans 11:26

Rock

Psalm 18:31

1 Cor. 10:4

King of kings

1 Timothy 6:15

Rev. 17:14; 19:16

Alpha and Omega

Rev. 1:8; 21:6

Rev. 22:13

First and Last

Isa. 41:4; 44:6;48:12

Rev. 1:17; 2:8;22:13

Light

Psalm 27:1;1 Jn 1:5

John 1:4; 8:12; 9:5

Shepherd

Psalm 23:1

Jn 10:11; Heb. 13:20

Judge

Genesis 18:25

Matt.25:31;2 Tim4:1

Life-giver

1 Sam. 2:6

Jn. 5:21; 11:25

Creator

Isa. 40:28; Jer 10:16

Col. 1:16; Jn. 1:3,10

Hope

Psa.39:7;Rom 15:13

Col. 1:27; 1 Tim 1:1

 

The comparison of these terms that equally apply to God the Father (or Yahweh God) and the Lord Jesus Christ shows the closest relationship.  While we cannot conclude that the Son is identified as the Father, we can see the appropriateness of these same terms of identification.  This leads us to conclude that the Father and the Son share the same nature or divine essence.

Names, Positions, Offices, and Actions of God the Father/Yahweh God and the Lord Jesus Christ the Son

In this study we would like to notice various titles, actions, descriptions, possessions, and attributes which are affirmed of Yahweh God in the Old Testament or God the Father in the New Testament, then we’ll notice how the same actions and attributes are applied to the Lord Jesus Christ in the New Testament. 

James White has written: “Many of the strongest proofs of the deity of Christ are found in recognizing that no mere creature could ever say the words Jesus said, do the things Jesus did, or be described in the way Jesus is described.”[1]  We have a massive amount of information on this but will only be able to examine a portion below.  Notice that we are not suggesting that Yahweh and God are different personalities, but we separate the two in order to make the presentation more orderly and clear.

1.    Yahweh and Christ Jesus are the Light

Yahweh is Light (Psalm 27:1; Isaiah 60:19-20)

God is light (1 John 1:5)

Christ is light (John 8:12; 9:5; 1:4).

 

2.    Yahweh and Christ created all things

Yahweh created all things (Isaiah 40:28; 45:11-18; 42:5).

God created all things (Acts 17:24; 14:15; 1 Peter 4:19; Ephesians 3:9; Revelation 4:11)

Christ created all things (John 1:3, 10; Colossians 1:16; Hebrews 1:2, 10; 1 Corinthians 8:6; Revelation 3:14).

 

3.    Yahweh and Christ are Lord of lords

Yahweh is Lord of lords (Deuteronomy 10:17)

God is Lord of lords (1 Timothy 6:15).

Christ is Lord of lords (Revelation 17:14; 19:16).

 

4.    Yahweh and Christ have eternal words

Yahweh has eternal words (Isaiah 40:8; Psalm 119:89).

God has eternal words (1 Peter 1:23, 25).

Christ has eternal words (Matthew 24:35; Mark 13:31).

 

5.    Yahweh and Christ are the Shepherd

Yahweh is the Shepherd (Psalm 23:1; 80:1; 78:52; 100:3).

Christ is the Shepherd (John 10:11, 14; 1 Peter 2:25; 5:4; Hebrews 13:20; Revelation 7:17).

 

6.    Yahweh and Christ possess glory

Yahweh is the King of glory (Psalm 24:10; Isaiah 42:8).

God is the Father of glory (Ephesians 1:17; Acts 7:2).

Christ is the Lord of glory (1 Corinthians 2:8; cf. John 17:5).

 

7.    Yahweh and Christ redeem

Yahweh redeems (Isaiah 48:17; cf. 47:4; 44:6; 41:14).

Christ redeems (Galatians 3:13; 4:5; Titus 2:14).

 

8.    Yahweh and Christ judge

Yahweh judges (Isaiah 33:22; Genesis 18:25; Psalm 96:13).

God judges (Hebrews 12:23; Romans 3:6; James 4:12).

Christ judges (2 Timothy 4:1; 2 Timothy 4:8; Matthew 16:27; 25:31-32; Acts 10:42; John 5:22).

 

 

9.    Yahweh and Christ are Lord of kings

Yahweh is Lord of kings (Daniel 2:47) and King of kings (1 Timothy 6:15).

Christ is Ruler of kings (Revelation 1:5) and King of kings (Revelation 17:14; 19:16).

 

10. Yahweh and Christ are Savior

Yahweh is Savior (Isaiah 43:3; 45:21).

God is Savior (Titus 3:4; 1:3; 2:10; 1 Timothy 1:1; 2:3; 4:10).

Christ is Savior (Luke 2:11; Matthew 1:21; Titus 3:6; 1:4; 2:13).

 

11. Yahweh and Christ are the Rock

Yahweh is the Rock (Isaiah 44:8; 26:4; 17:10; Psalm 18:2, 31; 95:1).

Christ is the Rock (1 Corinthians 10:4; cf. Matthew 16:18).

 

12. Yahweh and Christ forgive sins

Yahweh forgives sins (Psalm 130:3-4; Jeremiah 31:34).

God forgives sins (Luke 11:2, 4; Acts 8:21-22; Romans 4:7-8; Ephesians 4:32).

Christ forgives sins (Luke 5:20; 7:47-50; Mark 2:7, 10).

 

13. Yahweh and Christ are the Source of life

Yahweh is the source of life (Psalm 36:9; Job 33:4).

God is the source of life (1 John 5:11).

Christ is the source of life (John 10:28; John 1:4; 5:21, 25, 40; 11:25; 14:6; 17:2).

 

14. Yahweh and Christ are the Object of Hope

Yahweh is the object of hope (Psalm 39:7; Jeremiah 17:13).

God is the God of hope (Romans 15:13).

Christ is our hope (1 Timothy 1:1), the hope of glory (Colossians 1:27).

 

15. Yahweh and Christ are called upon for salvation

Yahweh is called on for deliverance (Joel 2:32; cf. Jeremiah 33:3; Genesis 4:26; 12:8; 13:4; 26:25).

Christ is called on for salvation (Romans 10:13; cf. 1 Corinthians 1:2; Acts 9:14).

 

16. Yahweh and Christ know the minds and the hearts

Yahweh knows the heart and mind (Jeremiah 17:10; 11:20; 20:12; 1 Kings 8:39; Psalm 26:2; 139:1, 2).

God knows the heart (Acts 15:8; Romans 8:27; Luke 16:15; Hebrews 4:12-13).

Christ searches the minds and the hearts (Revelation 2:23; John 2:24-25; Matthew 9:4; Luke 5:22; 9:47).

 

17. Yahweh and Christ are unchangeable.

Yahweh is the same (Psalm 102:27; cf. Malachi 3:6).

God has no variation (James 1:17).

Christ is the same (Hebrews 1:12; 13:8).

 

18. Yahweh and Christ are the maker of our eternal home

(Yahweh) God is the architect and builder of the eternal city (Hebrews 11:10, 16).

Christ went to prepare a place for us in heaven (John 14:2).

 

19. Yahweh and Christ have heavenly angels

Yahweh has angels (Psalm 91:11; 34:7).

God has an angel (Revelation 22:6; cf. 1:1; 3:5; Acts 27:23).

Christ has angels (Matthew 13:41; 24:31; Revelation 22:16).

 

20. God and Christ are the focus of the gospel of salvation

God is the focus of the gospel (cf. Romans 1:1; 15:16; 2 Corinthians 11:7; 1 Thessalonians 2:2, 8-9; 1 Peter 4:17).

Christ is the focus of the gospel (1 Thessalonians 3:2; 1 Corinthians 9:12; 2 Corinthians 2:12; 9:13; 10:14; Galatians 1:7; Philippians 1:27).

 

21. Yahweh and Christ are the object of prayer

Yahweh is the object of prayer (Psalm 5:2-3; 3:1ff; 6:1ff).

God is the object of prayer (John 16:23; Matthew 6:9).

Christ is the object of prayer (John 14:14; 2 Corinthians 12:8-10; Acts 9:14, 20-21; 1 Corinthians 1:2; 16:22; Revelation 5:8, 13-14; 22:20).

 

22. Yahweh and Christ reward our works or deeds

Yahweh repays one according to his deeds (Psalm 62:12).

God renders to man according to his deeds (Romans 2:5-6).

Christ rewards a man according to his deeds (Matthew 16:27; Revelation 22:12; 2:23).

 

23. Yahweh and Christ offer peace

Yahweh offers peace (Isaiah 26:3-4).

God offers His peace (Philippians 4:7).

Christ offers us His peace (John 14:27; 66:33; Colossians 3:15).

 

24. Yahweh and Christ are sinned against

Yahweh is sinned against (Genesis 39:9; Numbers 32:23; 1 Samuel 12:23; 2 Samuel 12:13; Psalm 51:4).

Christ is sinned against (1 Corinthians 8:12; cf. John 8:11; Acts 7:60).

 

25. Yahweh and Christ receive our thanks

Yahweh receives our thanks (Psalm 7:17; 9:1; 54:6).

God receives our thanks (2 Timothy 1:3; cf. Romans 1:8; Acts 27:35; 28:15; Philemon 4; Colossians 3:16).

Christ receives our thanks (1 Timothy 1:12).

 

26. Yahweh and Christ sanctify or make holy

Yahweh sanctifies us (Exodus 31:13; cf. Leviticus 20:8).

God sanctifies us (1 Thessalonians 5:23; cf. John 17:17).

Christ sanctifies us (Hebrews 13:12; 2:11; Ephesians 5:26; 1 Thessalonians 3:13).

 

27. Yahweh and Christ have saints/holy ones

Yahweh has saints (Psalm 34:9; cf. 30:4; 31:23; Daniel 7:18).

God has saints (Colossians 1:26).

Christ has saints (1 Thessalonians 3:13; Acts 9:13; cf. vv. 10-11, 14-17; 2 Thessalonians 1:10; Jude 14).

 

28. Yahweh and Christ rule the elements

Yahweh rules the elements (Psalm 89:8-9).

God rules the elements (Matthew 5:45).

Christ rules the elements (Matthew 8:26-27; Mark 4:39; Luke 8:24).

 

29. Yahweh and Christ send prophets.

Yahweh sent his prophets (2 Chronicles 26:15).

God sent his prophets (Acts 3:21; cf. Luke 1:76; Revelation 10:7; 22:6).

Christ sent his prophets (Matthew 23:34).

 

30. Yahweh and Christ have a great coming day of judgment

Yahweh has a great and awesome day (Joel 2:32; cf. 2:1; Malachi 4:5; Amos 5:18).

God has a coming day of the Lord (2 Peter 3:10, 12; Acts 2:20).

Christ has a coming day of the Lord Jesus (1 Corinthians 1:8; 5:5; Philippians 1:6, 10; 2:16; Luke 17:24, 30; 2 Corinthians 1:14; 1 Thessalonians 5:2; 2 Thessalonians 2:2).

 

31. Yahweh and Christ heal

Yahweh was Israel’s healer (Psalm 103:1, 3; Exodus 15:26; Psalm 30:2).

God healed (Acts 4:30).

Christ healed (Acts 9:34; 3:16; 4:10; 10:38; 2 Corinthians 12:8; Matthew 8:16-17).

 

32. Yahweh and Christ have an image and likeness

Yahweh created man in His own image (Genesis 1:27; 5:1; 9:6).

God “creates” us according to His image (Colossians 3:10; Ephesians 4:24; James 3:9; 1 Corinthians 11:7).

Christ transforms us into His own image (2 Corinthians 3:18; Romans 8:29; 1 Corinthians 15:49; 1 John 3:2).

 

33. Yahweh and Christ are the objects of saving knowledge

Yahweh says that we may know Him (Hosea 6:3; cf. Jeremiah 9:24).

God says that through a knowledge of Him we may have eternal life (John 17:3; 2 Peter 1:2-3; 1 John 2:13; Colossians 1:10).

Christ is the object of saving knowledge (John 17:3; 2 Peter 1:2, 8; 2:20).

 

34.  Yahweh and Christ are Righteous

Yahweh is the Righteous One (Isaiah 24:16).

God is the Righteous Father (John 17:25; cf. 1 John 1:9).

Christ is the Righteous One (Isaiah 52:11; Acts 3:14; 1 John 2:1; Acts 7:52; 22:14).

 

35. Yahweh and Christ are givers of the Law

Yahweh is the lawgiver and gave the law (Isaiah 33:23; Psalm 19:7).

God has a law (1 Corinthians 9:21; James 4:12; Luke 2:39).

Christ gave the law of Christ (Galatians 6:2; 1 Corinthians 9:21).

 

36. Yahweh and Christ are objects of saving faith

Yahweh is the object of justifying faith (Genesis 15:6).

God is the object of justifying faith (Romans 4:24; 4:3, 5, 17; Acts 16:34; 1 Thessalonians 1:8; Titus 3:8; Hebrews 6:1).

Christ is the object of saving faith (John 3:16, 36; 6:40; Romans 3:22; Galatians 2:16, 20; Colossians 1:4; Acts 16:31).

 

37. Yahweh and Christ possess a people

Yahweh has a people (Deuteronomy 14:2).

God has a people (2 Corinthians 6:16; Hebrews 8:10; 1 Peter 2:10; Revelation 21:3).

Christ has a people (Titus 2:14; Acts 18:10).

 

38. Yahweh and Christ own servants/slaves

Yahweh has servants (Psalm 116:16; 19:11, 13; 31:16).

God has servants (Titus 1:1; 2 Corinthians 6:4; Revelation 7:3; 19:2, 5; 22:6; 1 Peter 2:16; Romans 1:9; 6:22).

Christ has servants (Colossians 1:7; 3:24; 4:12; Philippians 1:1; Ephesians 6:6; Galatians 1:10; 1 Timothy 4:6).

 

39. Yahweh and Christ discipline

Yahweh disciplines (Proverbs 3:12; Psalm 94:12).

God disciplines (Hebrews 12:7).

Christ disciplines (Revelation 3:19; 1 Corinthians 11:32ff).

 

40. Yahweh and Christ gave commands

Yahweh gave commands (Genesis 26:5; Numbers 15:39).

God gave commands (1 John 5:2-3; 3:22-24; 2 John 4, 6; 1 Corinthians 7:19; Revelation 12:17; 14:12).

Christ gave commands (John 14:15, 21; 15:10; 1 John 2:3;; Matthew 28:20; 2 Peter 3:2; 1 Thessalonians 4:2; 1 Corinthians 14:37).

 

41. Yahweh and Christ grant mercy

Yahweh grants mercy (Isaiah 63:9; Jeremiah 31:20).

God grants mercy (Titus 3:5; Ephesians 2:4).

Christ grants mercy (Jude 21; 1 Timothy 1:2; 2 Timothy 1:2).

 

42. Yahweh and Christ strengthen us

Yahweh strengthens us (Psalm 119:28; 10:17; Isaiah 41:10).

God strengthens us (1 Peter 5:10; 4:11; 2 Thessalonians 2:16-17).

Christ strengthens us (1 Timothy 1:12; 2 Timothy 4:17; 2 Thessalonians 3:3; 2:16-17).

 

43. God and Christ have a kingdom

God has a kingdom (Matthew 6:10; 13:43; Mark 10:25; Acts 19:8; Romans 14:17; 1 Corinthians 6:9-10; 15:50; Galatians 5:21; Ephesians 5:5; Revelation 11:15).

Christ has a kingdom (Matthew 13:41; Luke 1:33; Ephesians 5:5; Colossians 1:13; 2 Timothy 4:1, 18; 2 Peter 1:11; Revelation 11:15).

 

44. Yahweh and Christ are worthy of fear and reverence

Yahweh is worthy of fear (Deuteronomy 6:13; 1 Samuel 12:24; Psalm 112:1; Ecclesiastes 12:13; Proverbs 16:6).

God is worthy of fear (Revelation 14:7; Matthew 10:28; Luke 12:5; 1 Peter 2:17; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Acts 10:2, 35).

Christ is worthy of fear (Ephesians 5:21; 2 Corinthians 5:11; Colossians 3:22).

 

45. Yahweh God and Christ are able to protect, deliver, and keep us

Yahweh keeps, establishes, protects, and perfects us (Jude 24; Romans 16:25; 1 Peter 1:5; Philippians 1:6).

Christ confirms, establishes, keeps, and delivers us (Romans 14:4; 1 Corinthians 1:8; 1 Thessalonians 3:13; 1 John 5:18; 2 Timothy 4:18; 3:11).

 

46. Yahweh and Christ are worthy of supreme love

Yahweh is worthy of supreme love (Deuteronomy 6:5).

God is worthy of supreme love (Matthew 22:37-38; Mark 12:29-30).

Christ is worthy of supreme love (Matthew 10:37; cf. Luke 14:26).

 

47. Yahweh and Christ have all authority.

Yahweh owns “heaven and the highest heavens, the earth and all that is in it” (Deuteronomy 10:14).

God is “Lord of heaven and earth” (Acts 17:24).

Christ has “all authority . . . in heaven and on earth” (Matthew 28:18).

 

48. Yahweh and Christ are worshipped

Yahweh is worshipped (Deuteronomy 6:13; 26:10; 1 Chronicles 16:29; Psalm 2:11; 29:2; 97:7).

God is worshipped (Matthew 4:10; Matthew 15:9; John 4:23-24; Revelation 4:11).

Christ is worshipped (Hebrews 1:6; Revelation 5:11-14).

What have we seen in this exercise?  We have clearly seen that Yahweh mentioned in the Old Testament and God mentioned in the New Testament have certain attributes, actions, and attitudes that are likewise manifested in the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God.  If the same attributes and actions are applied to both the Father and the Son, can we not say that they evidence deity?  This astounding fact should help to form our view of the person and nature of Christ Jesus our Lord!

 

There is Only One God

As we search to discover the identity of the Lord Jesus Christ, we must acknowledge that the Scriptures—from Genesis to Revelation—clearly affirm that there is only one God.  (This means that monotheism—one God—is the truth of Scripture.)  Let’s look at a representative sampling of the verses that make this affirmation.  We’ll categorize the verses as follows:

 

There is only one Yahweh God

“Hear, O Israel!  The LORD [Yahweh] is our God, the LORD [Yahweh] is one!” (Deuteronomy 6:4).

“I am He, and there is no god besides Me” (Deuteronomy 32:39).

“You are great O Lord GOD [Yahweh]; for there is none like You, and there is no God besides You” (2 Samuel 7:22).

“You are the God, You alone” (2 Kings 19:15b).

“You are great and do wondrous deeds; You alone are God” (Psalm 86:10).

“I am the first and I am the last, and there is no God besides Me. . . . Is there any God besides Me, or is there any other Rock?  I know of none” (Isaiah 44:6b, 8b).

“I am the LORD [Yahweh], and there is no other; besides Me there is no God” (Isaiah 45:5).

“I am the LORD [Yahweh], and there is none else. . . . There is no other God besides Me, a righteous God and a Savior; there is none except Me” (Isaiah 45:18b, 21b).

“I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is no one like Me” (Isaiah 46:9b).

“You alone are the LORD [Yahweh]” (Nehemiah 9:6).

See also: Mark 12:29; Exodus 20:2-3; Deuteronomy 4:35, 39; 1 Kings 8:60; 1 Chronicles 17:20; Isaiah 43:11; Zechariah 14:9.

& It is clear that Yahweh, the God of the Hebrews, is alone God.  Although many of these passages show a contrast with pagan “gods,” it is also plain that there is only one true God in Scripture.  He will have no competition.  In the very first of the Ten Commandments, God says, “You shall have no other gods before Me” (Exodus 20:3; cf. Deuteronomy 5:7).

There is only One God and He is the Only God—who is the Father of Christ (in the New Testament)

“You, the only true God” (John 17:3a).

“You have rightly stated that He is one, and there is no one else besides Him” (Mark 12:32).

“. . . there is no God but one” (1 Corinthians 8:4b).

“. . . there is but one God, the Father” (1 Corinthians 8:6a).

“One God and Father of all” (Ephesians 4:6).

“. . . the only  God” (1 Timothy 1:17).

“There is one God, and one mediator. . .” (1 Timothy 2:5).

“. . . He who is the blessed and only sovereign” (1 Timothy 6:15).

“You believe that God is one” (James 2:19).

“God is one” (Romans 3:3).

“God is only one” (Galatians 3:20).

“God is one” (Romans 3:30, ESV).

“the only God our Savior” (Jude 25).

&  It is clear that there is only one God, in contrast to polytheism that teaches that there is more than one God.  Monotheism is firmly established as the truth of Scripture.

The one true God is often distinguished from the Lord Jesus Christ

“. . .there is but one God, the Father . . . and one Lord, Jesus Christ” (1 Corinthians 8:6).

“The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with you all” (2 Corinthians 13:14).

“One Lord [Jesus] . . . one God and Father of all who is over all and through all and in all” (Ephesians 4:4-6).

“There is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man, Christ Jesus” (1 Timothy 2:5).

& These Scriptural passages show that “God” is generally used in the New Testament to refer to the Father—the Father of the Lord Jesus and the Father of believers.  In these passages, it can’t be shown that God refers to both Father and Son (and the Holy Spirit).  Instead, those passages that use “God” (theos) refer to the Father as distinguished from Jesus Christ the Son.  Many well-meaning commentators and theologians seem to overlook this fact, assuming that when the New Testament refers to the “one God” it has both the Father and the Son (and the Spirit) in mind.

          We have seen three important points here that must remain in our mind as we seek to understand the nature of Jesus Christ as He relates to God the Father.  To review, these three points are as follows:

1.    There is only one Yahweh God

2.    There is only One God and He is the Only God—who is the Father

3.    The one true God is often distinguished from the Lord Jesus Christ

These three facts must be kept in mind as we seek to understand how Jesus Christ can be “God” (theos) along with the Father being “God.”

The Lord Jesus Christ is often United with God the Father in Divine Attributes and Actions

The word of God makes numerous affirmations about God the Father. For example, He bestows grace, has a kingdom, and raises the dead.  These same affirmations, however, are made of the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God.  More significant yet, Scripture sometimes affirms various attributes and actions of both the Father and the Son in the same verse!  Notice some examples of this in the following list.  In many of the examples, we make a statement about Yahweh God in the Old Testament, then we follow this with a statement of God the Father in the New Testament, and finally we make a statement about Jesus Christ. 

1.    The Father and the Son abide in the believer:

 

a.     The Father abides in us (1 John 3:24; 4:12, 13).

b.    The Son abides in us (Ephesians 3:17; Galatians 2:20).

c.     The Father and the Son abide in us:

“My Father will love him, and We will come to him, and make our abode with him” (John 14:23).

 

2.    The Father and the Son grant peace:

 

a.     The Father grants peace (Hebrews 13:20; Romans 15:33; 16:20).

b.    The Son grants peace (Ephesians 2:14, 15, 17; Colossians 3:15).

c.     The Father and the Son grant peace:

“Grace and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ” (Romans 1:7; cf. 1 Corinthians 1:3; 2 Corinthians 1:2; Galatians 1:3; Ephesians 1:2; etc.)

 

3.    The Father and the Son have wrath:

 

a.     The Father has wrath (holy anger) (John 3:36; Romans 1:18; 2:5; 5:9; 9:22; Ephesians 5:6; Colossians 3:6; Revelation 14:10).

b.    The Son has wrath (2 Thessalonians 1:7-9).

c.     The Father and the Son have wrath:

“Fall on us and hide us from the presence of Him who sits on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb; for the great day of their wrath has come; and who is able to stand” (Revelation 6:16-17).

 

4.    The Father and the Son have a kingdom:

 

a.     The Father has a kingdom (Romans 14:17; Acts 19:8; Galatians 5:21; Matthew 13:43).

b.    The Son has a kingdom (2 Peter 1:11; 2 Timothy 4:1; Luke 1:33; Colossians 1:13; Matthew 13:41).

c.     The Father and the Son have a kingdom:

“No immoral or impure person or covetous man, who is an idolater, has an inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God” (Ephesians 5:5).  “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord, and of His Christ; and He will reign forever and ever” (Revelation 11:15).

 

5.    The Father and the Son are objects of saving faith.

 

a.     The Father is the object of faith (Romans 4:5, 24; 1 Thessalonians 1:8; 1 Peter 1:21; Hebrews 6:1; Acts 16:34; Titus 3:8; Hebrews 11:6; John 5:24).

b.    The Son is the object of faith (John 3:16, 36; 6:40; Ephesians 1:15; Galatians 2:16, 20; 3:26; Colossians 1:4; Romans 3:22).

c.     The Father and the Son are objects of saving faith:

“Believe in God, believe also in Me” (John 14:1).  “He who believes in Me, does not believe in Me, but in Him who sent Me” (John 12:44; cf. v. 45; Acts 16:31, 34).

 

6.    The Father and the Son have slaves/servants:

 

a.     The Father has slaves or servants (Acts 16:17; 24:14; 27:23; Romans 1:9; 6:22; 2 Corinthians 6:4; Titus 1:1; 1 Peter 2:16; Revelation 7:3; 19:2, 5).

b.    The Son has slaves or servants (1 Corinthians 7:22; Romans 1:1; 2 Peter 1:1; Jude 1; Ephesians 6:6-7; Colossians 1:7; 3:24; 4:12; Galatians 1:10; Philippians 1:1; 1 Timothy 4:6).

c.     The Father and the Son have slaves or servants:

“James, a bond-servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ” (James 1:1; cf. Luke 16:13; Matthew 6:24).

 

7.    The Spirit of the Father and the Son:

 

a.     The Spirit of God (Matthew 3:16; Romans 8:14; 1 Corinthians 2:11; 3:16; 6:11; 7:40; 12:3; Ephesians 4:30; 1 John 4:2).

b.    The Spirit of the Son or Christ (Acts 16:7; Galatians 4:6; Philippians 1:19; 1 Peter 1:1).

c.     The Spirit of God and the Spirit of Christ:

“You are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you.  But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him” (Romans 8:9).

 

8.    We have fellowship with the Father and with the Son:

 

a.     We have fellowship with the Father (1 John 1:6).

b.    We have fellowship with the Son (1 Corinthians 1:9).

c.     We have fellowship with the Father and the Son:

“Indeed our fellowship is with the Father, and with His Son Jesus Christ” (1 John 1:3).

 

9.    The Father and the Son are objects of saving knowledge:

 

a.     We may know the Father (Colossians 1:10; 1 John 2:13; 1 Corinthians 15:34; Jeremiah 9:23-24; Hosea 6:3; Galatians 4:9; 2 Peter 1:3).

b.    We may know the Son (Philippians 3:8, 10; Ephesians 4:13; 2 Peter 1:8; 2:20).

c.     We may know the Father and the Son:

“This is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent” (John 17:3).  “Grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord” (2 Peter 1:2).  “If you knew Me, you would know My Father also” (John 8:19; cf. 14:7).

 

10. The Father and the Son bestow grace:

 

a.     The Father bestows grace (Romans 3:24; Ephesians 2:7; Colossians 1:6; Titus 2:11; Acts 20:24; 1 Corinthians 15:10).

b.    The Son bestows grace (Acts 15:11; 1 Corinthians 16:23; Galatians 1:6; 6:18; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Ephesians 1:7; Romans 16:20; 2 Thessalonians 3:18).

c.     The Father and the Son bestow grace:

“. . . the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ” (2 Thessalonians 1:12). “Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ” (Romans 1:7; cf. 5:15; 1 Corinthians 1:3; 2 Corinthians 1:2; Galatians 1:3; Ephesians 1:2; Philippians 1:2).

 

11. The Father and the Son are worthy of praise:

 

a.     The Father is worthy of praise (Revelation 4:10-11; 7:12).

b.    The Son is worthy of praise (Revelation 5:11-12; Hebrews 1:6).

c.     The Father and the Son are worthy of praise:

“Every created thing which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth and on the sea, and all things in them, I heard saying, ‘To Him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb, be blessing and honor and glory and dominion forever and ever’” (Revelation 5:13).  “Salvation to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb” (Revelation 7:10; cf. 5:12-14).

 

12. The Father and the Son have a throne:

 

a.     The Father has a throne (Revelation 4:2, 10; 5:1, 7, 13; etc.).

b.    The Son has a throne (Matthew 25:31; 19:28; Revelation 3:21; Hebrews 1:8).

c.     The Father and the Son have a throne:

“He showed me a river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb . . . And there shall no longer be any curse; and the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it, and His bondservants shall serve Him” (Revelation 22:1, 3; cf. 3:21).

 

13. The Father and the Son raise the dead:

 

a.     The Father raises the dead (Romans 8:11; 2 Corinthians 1:9; 4:14; 13:4; Ephesians 2:5; Colossians 2:13; 1 Timothy 6:13; cf. Romans 4:17).

b.    The Son raises the dead (John 5:25, 28, 29, 40; 6:27, 33, 39, 40, 44, 54; 11:25, 26; Philippians 3:20-21).

c.     The Father and the Son raise the dead:

“Just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son also gives life to whom He wishes” (John 5:21).

 

14. The Father and the Son are related to the “church” or assembly (the family of God):

 

a.     The Father is related to the assembly (1 Corinthians 1:2; 2 Corinthians 1:1).

b.    The Son is related to the assembly (1 Thessalonians 2:14; Romans 16:16; Matthew 16:18).

c.     The Father and the Son are related to the assembly:

“The church of the Thessalonians in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ” (1 Thessalonians 1:1; cf. 2 Thessalonians 1:1).

 

15. The Father and the Son save:

 

a.     The Father saves (Titus 1:3; 2:10; 3:4; 1 Timothy 1:1; 2:3; 4:10).

b.    The Son saves (Titus 1:4; 2:13; 3:6; Luke 19:10; Matthew 1:21; Hebrews 5:9; 2 Peter 1:1, 11; 3:18).

c.     The Father and the Son save:

“Salvation to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb” (Revelation 7:10).

 

16. We abide in the Father and the Son:

 

a.     We abide in the Father (1 John 3:24; 4:13, 16).

b.    We abide in the Son (John 6:56; 15:4-7; 1 John 2:6, 27, 28; 3:6).

c.     We abide in the Father and the Son:

“. . . you also will abide in the Son and in the Father” (1 John 2:24).  “We are in him who is true, in His Son Jesus Christ” (1 John 5:20).

 

17. The Father and the Son have priests:

 

a.     The Father has priests (Revelation 1:6; 1 Peter 2:5).

b.    The Father and the Son have priests:

“They will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with Him for a thousand years” (Revelation 20:6).

          We have studies that would enable us to double or triple these examples, but these are sufficient to make the point.  We’ve seen enough to conclude that an amazing and profound spiritual unity exists between God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.  This truth should serve to provide insight into the exalted position of the Lord Jesus and should draw forth our deepest respect, our highest adoration, and our greatest glorification of Him who is so united with the Father in divine attributes and actions.

From our discussion thus far, we can conclude that Jesus is fully man (fully human) as well as fully God (fully divine).  Liberal Protestants will acknowledge that Jesus was a man, but they will say that He was merely a man, and nothing more.  Watchtower Witnesses and others will affirm that Jesus was only a man while on earth.  Neither will acknowledge the deity of Jesus Christ.  On the other hand, the ancient Gnostics affirmed that Jesus was somehow deity or a God (although even this was perverted), but they denied that He was fully man, or fully human.  Both of these extremes must be avoided.

 



[1] The Forgotten Trinity, p. 68.


 

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